1.abandon v.放棄，遺棄，拋棄 abandon the baby/ child/ friend
abandon the plan/ idea/ effort/ hope
abandon oneself to 陷入，沉湎於 He abandoned himself to despair.
2.ability n.能力; 才能the ability to walk 行走的能力
to the best of one’s ability 竭盡全力 He completed the job to the best of his ability.
3.abnormal adj.不正常的，畸形的，反常的 They thought his behavior was abnormal.
4.aboard prep. adv.在船(飛機，火車)上，上船(飛機，輪船)
all the people aboard 機上的人
5.about prep關於，ad 大約，到處
a) be about to do sth…(when)I was about to go out when it began to rain.
b) look about/around/roundc) How/What about…詢問情況或建議
6.above prep 在…上面 above all 首先;尤其
7.abroad ad.到(在)國外 a) go /study /live abroadb) at home and abroad在國內外
absence from work/ school The decision was made in my absence.
in the absence of 在缺少…條件下 The case was dismissed in the absence of proof.
9.absent adj. 缺席的，不在的be absent from absent-minded adj.心不在焉的
10.absorb vt.1) 吸收，吸進(液體，氣體等) 2) 理解，掌握
absorb ink/ water/ neat/ light/ oxygen/ sound/ energy
absorb information/ knowledgebe absorbed in 專註於，聚精會神於…
11.abuse v / n.濫用，謾罵 abuse alcohol/ drugs 酗酒 /嗜毒
abuse power/ position/ privilege 濫用權力/職權/特權
accept the gift /invitation /plan accept sb/sth as…
The only access to the farm was a narrow bridge.
Only high officials have access to the emperor.
We students have access to the school library.
Such information is not easily accessible to the public.
by accident/chance 偶然，無意中;不小心
15.accompany v.陪伴，伴隨，伴奏 accompany sb.to the school/ supermarket
accompany the singer on / at the piano Lightening usually accompanies thunder.
16.accomplish v.完成，到達，實現 accomplishment n.成就，成績
accomplish the task/ purpose/ goal
17.according to 根據 According to the law, he should be sentenced to death.
18.accuse vt.指控，指責 accuse sb of (doing ) sth 控告…
be/ get/ become accustomed to doingHe was soon accustomed to getting up early.
20.ache vi./n headache / toothacheMy back aches so much.
21.achieve vt 達到;取得 achievement n 成就
achieve success/victory/one’s goal;
22.achievementn.成就，業績;完成(任務等) make great achievements
It is generally acknowledged that global warming is caused by greenhouse gases.
Yaoming is acknowledged as/ to be the best player in China.
I acknowledged financial support from the local government.
24.across prep cross v.I walked across the street.; cross a street;come/run across碰到
act as 充當;扮演 act out 把…表演出來
26.action n.行動take action to do sthput sth into action 把…付諸實施
27.active adj.積極的;主動的 take an active part in /be active in 積極參加
28.activity n.活動 outdoor activities 戶外運動
29.actual a.實際的actuallyadv. in (actual) fact 實際上
30.adapt vi.適應，適合，改編vt.使適應adapt to change /the city life
adapt oneself to the new surroundings adapt the novel for a film adaptation n.適應
31.add vt 添加，增加，補充說(that)
add(…)to 添加add up 把…加在一起 add up to總計為; 總數為
a) His illness added to our trouble.b) He added that he would come again.
c) Please add these figures up.d) These numbers add up to 100.
e) He added some salt to the water.
address the letter to sb.給某人寄信 The letter was wrongly addressed.
The president addressed the public.
33.adjust vt.調整，調節，適應adjust your speed /the volume/ the camera
adjust to the dark/ the single life adjust yourself to the student life adjustment n.調整，調節
34.admire v 欽佩.;羨慕
admire sb for sth I admire John for his courage.
35.admit vt (admitted ,admitted)
1) 承認 admit one’s mistakes; admit doing/having done
He admitted having stolen the money.
2) 準許(入場，入學，入會) admit sb to /into→sb be admitted to
He has been admitted to Beijing University.
adopt a child the adopted son/ daughter
adopt a new policy/ a suggestion/ a plan/ an attitude
37.advance vi推進，促進;前進 adj.advanced 先進的/ 高級的
in advance 預先，事先 an advanced worker
38.advantage n.優點，好處(可數名詞) 反：disadvantage
take advantage of 利用 have an advantage over 優於… to sb’s advantage 對(某人)有利
1)為…做廣告 advertise a product / things
2)登廣告征求/尋找… advertise for a new sales manager
40.advice n/u. advise vt.忠告,勸告,建議take/follow/ accept one’s advice 接受某人的建議
ask sb for advice 向某人尋求建議 a piece of advice 一條建議
give sb some advice on sth
advise sb (not) to do; advise doing; advise that …(should)+do
Our teacher advised that we should study hard.
41.affect vt.影響, 深深打動，使悲傷等
Smoking affects health. People were deeply affected by the death of Jin Zhengri.
42.afford vt.負擔得起,抽得出(時間); 提供
can/could/be able to afford sth/to do sthI can’t afford a book/to buy the book
be afraid to do 因為害怕不敢做…; be afraid of doing 害怕…
She was afraid to go out alone at night.She was afraid of waking him up.
44.againstprep 對著，反對, 靠著，迎著，襯著
stand against the wall (靠墻站著) go against nature; be against sth 反對
They are strongly against the plan.The pine tree were black against the morning sky.
45.age n.年齡;時代 vi.變老 for ages 多年; at an early age; at the age of … ;
of the same age=of an age After his wife’s death he aged quickly.
1)agree with① agree with sb / what you say/your opinion.
The weather does not agree with me.這種天氣對我不適宜。
A verb must agree with its subject in person and number.
What he does does not agree with what he says.他言行不一致。
2)agree to the plan/ the arrangement/ the suggestion.
3)agree on /upon主要指雙/多方通過協商而取得一致意見或達成協議：
We agreed on the price.我們就價格達成瞭一致意見。
Both sides agreed on these terms.雙方都同意這些條件。
4) agree to do sth He agreed to go with us.他同意同我們去。
5) reach/arrive at/come to an agreement 6) I can’t/couldn’t agree more.
47.ahead ad.在前，向前 ahead of time 提前 go ahead 前進，幹吧，說吧
48.aid n. 援助;救護;輔助工具
first aid 急救 in aid of 支持
by ( the) aid of 借助於，通過…的幫助come/ go to one’s aid 幫助某人
v.幫助，促進aid (sb/ sth) in/ with ( doing) sth 幫助某人做…
① 瞄準,對準 He aimed the gun at the enemy officer.
② (向某方面)努力 She’s aiming at ( trying to win) a scholarship.
③ 針對某人 My words were not aimed at you.
50.alike adj.相像，十分相似 We are alike in many ways.
adv.相似的，相同的 They tried to treat their children alike.
51.alive a.活著的，存在的 catch …alive 活捉 keep…alivebe alive with= be full of
The lake was alive with fish. Who is the greatest man alive.(後置定語)
52.allow v 準許，允許 allow doing/ sb to do
allow for 把 考慮進去Has everything been allowed for in your plan?
Almost no one/nobody came to the party.There was almost no snow that winter.
54.alone adj/adv 單獨的 孤獨的
1) 形容詞She is alone at home.(她獨自一人在傢。)
2) 副詞I like to work alone.(我喜歡獨自一人工作。)
3) “隻有，僅僅”， The shoes alone cost $200.※ let /leave sb /sth alone 別打擾
let alone 更不用說
1) 定語， “孤單的，無伴侶的，無人煙的，荒涼的，偏僻的” a lonely man / island.
2) 表語，“孤寂的，寂寞的” feel lonely ※ He lives alone but he doesn’t feel lonely.
55.aloud ad.大聲地 read aloud/ think aloud
What amazes me is how long she managed to hide it from us.
It amazed me that he could be so calm at such a time.
amazed adj.驚奇的，驚訝的 amazing adj.令人驚奇的，驚嘆的;震驚的
I’ m ___ that you have never heard of the Rolling Stones.
It’s ____ how often you see drivers using mobile phones.
57.amount n.數額(尤指數量，大小等) a large amount of +u/n
large amounts of +u/n v.(數量，意義等) 等同，相當於 amount to
Time lost through illness amounts to 1,357 working days.因疾病而損失的時間總共為
Ultimately, their ideas amount to the same thing. 歸根結底，他們想的都是一回事。
58.amuse vt.使快樂，逗樂amuse sb.使…高興 The funny drawings amused the kids.
be amused by/at/ with 被…逗樂 amuse oneself 自娛自樂
The boys amused themselves by drawing. amusement n.to one’s amusement
59.amusement n.1) 娛樂,樂趣 to one’s amusement 讓某人發笑
They were dancing and singing in the car, much to the amusement of passers-by.
2) 娛樂活動，消遣活動 amusementsamuse vt. amuse sb/ oneself 使開心，逗笑
amused / amusing adj. an amused smile / look/ expression 愉快的微笑/ 神情/ 表情
an amusing story/ film 有趣的，好笑的，逗人發笑的故事/ 電影
60.angry adj 生氣的，憤怒的 (angrily /angrier )
be angry at (about) 因為…而生氣 be angry with sb 生某人的氣
announce a decision / plan/ intention announce sth to sbannounce that
At the end of the meeting , it was announced that an agreement had been reached.
make an announcement
63.annoy vt.(使)煩惱 be annoyed with sb.for (at) sth.
What annoyed him most was that he had received no apology.
annoyed adj.略感煩惱(生氣)的annoying adj.討厭的，令人煩惱的
It’s _____that we didn’t know about this before.令人惱火的事，我們事先並不知道這一切
Mr Davies was ____that the books were missing.戴維斯先生生氣瞭，因為那些書不見瞭。
64.answer n. the answer to the question v. answer a question/the door/the phone;
answer for 對… 負責 You will have to answer for your wrong doing one day.
anxious adj.焦慮的，不安的;擔心的 be anxious about sth for sb
渴望的，急切的 be anxious to do sth
67.apologize n.道歉，歉意 apology n.
make an apology/ apologies to sb for sth apologise to sb for sth
The design has appealed to people of all ages. I appeal to you to protect the environment.
have/ hold appeal for sb.對某人有吸引力 lose one’s appeal 失去吸引力
69.appear 1) vi.出現，露面 The man suddenly ______ from behind the tree scared me.
2) 系動詞 似乎，好像 appear+ (to be) + n/adj 似乎
It appears (to sb) that /as ifHe appeared to be happy in the news.
It appears to me that he will win
It appears that all the files have been deleted.檔案好像都已經被刪除瞭。
Police say there appear to be signs of a break-in.警方稱似乎有破門而入的跡象。
70.appearance n.出現，露面;容貌 judge by appearances 以貌取人
71.application n.申請 make an application for
72.apply v.申請 apply for 申請;請求，接洽
apply sth to …運用，應用apply oneself to 致力於，集中精力做某事
1) 任命，委派A committee was appointed to consider the plan.一個委員會被指定去研究這些計劃。
He was appointed as chairman.
2).約定，確定Everyone got there at the appointed time.
In the evening he made his way to the appointed meeting place.
make an appointment 約定、會 his appointment as president 他擔任總統的任命
75.appreciate vt.欣賞;感激 appreciate your concernappreciate doing sth
appreciate your abilities/ fine works of art I’d appreciate it if you let me get on with my job.
As they approached the wood, a rabbit ran out of the trees.
I find him difficult to approach. The winter vacation is approaching.
He decided to adopt a different approach and teach the Bible through story-telling.
His approach to the problem are wrong. All the approach to the palace were guarded by troops.
77.approve vi.贊成 vt.同意，批準 approve of 贊成，同意 approve of one’s idea
He doesn’t approve of my leaving this year. approve the plan/ proposal 通過計劃/ 提議
79.argue vi.爭辯，爭論n. argument 1) argue for /against 贊成/反對
2) argue sb into/out of doing sth 說服某人做/不做某事
3) argue with sb about sth 與某人爭論某事
80.arise arose arisen vi. 1) 出現，發生，產生 A new crisis has arisen.新危機出現。
2)起床，起身，起立 He arose at dawn.他黎明即起。
81.argument n. 1)爭論，辯論have an argument with sb about / over sth
2) 論點，論據 a powerful argument against smoking argue v.argue with sb about / over sth
n.手臂,支架 武器(復)arm in arm手挽手 take up arms 拿起武器
Armed with the new equipment, the explorers entered the cave. be armed to the teeth 全副武裝
83.around 在周圍; 在附近; 大約
around the corner 在拐角處，即將到來 around the clock晝夜不停地
arrange an appointment 安排預約 Have you arranged to meet Mark this weekend?
We had arranged that I would go for the weekend.我們商量好瞭，這個周末我去。
He arrived as arranged.他如約而至。
The company will arrange for a taxi to meet you at the airport.
Dave arranged for someone to drive him home.
arrangement n.安排，佈置 make arrangements for…
85.arrest vt.逮捕，拘捕He got arrested for careless driving.
n.put / place sb under arrest 逮捕某人
86.arrive varrival n.到來;達到arrive atGuests receive dinner on/upon their arrival
87.article n.文章;東西;物品;冠詞 an article of clothing 一件衣服
88.ashamed adj 慚愧，害臊
89.asleep adj 睡著的，熟睡 (表語形容詞) fall asleep 入睡He seems to be fast asleep.
90.assist v.幫助，協助assist sb.in dong /with sth.
we’ll assist you in finding a place to live.
She employed a woman to assist her with the housework.
assistancen.technical/ military assistance 技術/軍事援助
91.assume v.假定，假設It is assumed that…普遍認為
I had assumed him to be a teacher.我本以為他是老師。
He assumed an air of concern.他裝出關心的樣子。 assuming (that)… 假設，假如
a) be ashamed of 以為是恥辱b) be ashamed of oneself for 為…而害羞
c) feel ashamed for sb 替某人感到羞愧 ※ ashamed & shameful
shameful指事物或本身可恥不道德。 He is ashamed of his shameful conduct.
93.astonish v 使驚訝 astonished /astonishing
be/look astonished at 對…感到大吃一驚an astonished look
attempt to do He was charged with attempting to kill his wife.
attempt sth The plane crashed while attempting an emergency landing.
n. make an attempt to do /at doing 試圖做某事
96.attend v.看護，照料，服侍;出席，參加attend a meeting/ school/ church/ the concert
attend to sth處理，註意 I have a few other things to attend to.
attend to sb 看護 attend to a baby
pay ( much/no/little) attention todraw one’s attention to
fix one’s attention/mind/eyes on; attract one’s attention
98.attract v.吸引，引起Like attracts like 物以類聚
100.average adj 平均的;普通的 n.平均數on (the)average 按平均
I was just an average sort of student.我隻是一個普通學生。
102.awake v. 喚醒;(awoke/ awoken) Is he awake or asleep?awake to sth 意識到 醒悟到
It took her some time to awake to the dangers of her situation. adj 醒著的be wide awake
103.award n. v.
104.awarebe aware of
105.away adv離開;遠離 keep away from 保持距離; far away 在遠處
right away 立刻，馬上;give away 泄露，贈送
1.back adv.回(原處);向後 adj.後面的 n.背後，後部;背
back and forth 來回，往返;back to back 背靠背
behind one’s back 背後;look back 回顧
put back 放回去; turn one’s back on 避開，不理睬
2.backward adv. backward and forward 來來回回
bend /lean over backward to do 竭盡全力去做…
3.baggage n.行李a piece of/an article of baggage
4.balance 1) n.① 平衡 keep a balance (between A and B) lose one’s balance
disturb the balance of one’s mind
② 餘額 (常用單數) check your bank balance
③ 欠款(常用單數)The balance of 500 yuan must be paid within 90 days.
短語be/ hang in the balance 不明朗的，未定的， 懸而未決的
catch / throw sb.off balance 使…失去平衡; 使…不知所措 on balance 總的來說
2)v.①保持平衡 ~(sth)on sthbalance on one leg
He balanced the cup on her knee.
②同等重視 balance A with/ and B balance home life with career
③比較權衡 balance A against Bbalance the cost against its benefit
balanced adj. be on a balanced diet
5.ban n.禁令 v.禁止，取締a ban on smoking 禁煙令
place… under ban 對…加以禁止 ban sb.from sth./ doing 禁止某人做
6. ◎bar 1) n.條，塊a bar of chocolate / soap障礙 Being a woman was a bar to promotion.
2) vt.封堵All the doors and windows were barred.
阻止 bar sb.from…bar players from drinking
Those shoes are a real bargain at such a low price.v.討價還價bargain with sb about /over sth
8.base n.根據地，基地v.以…為基地, 把基地設在
1) base sth on/upon sth 以…為基礎 His book is based on a true story.
2)be based in以…為基地,把基地設在The toy company is based in Guangzhou.
basic adj 基本的basic knowledge/skills basically adv.
9.basis (復數 bases )
1)基礎，要素 form the basis of…
2) 基準，原則 on a regular /permanent basis 以定期的/永久的方式
3) 原因，緣由 on the basis of… Some videos were banned on the basis of violence.
10.bath n.洗澡;浴室;澡盆; have/take a bath
bathe v.洗澡,遊泳 be bathed in …沉浸在,沐浴著(光線) bathroom n.浴室
11.bear (bore, born/borne) v.
1)承受 (重量) The ice is too thin to bear your weight.
2) 負擔, 承擔 bear the cost/ burden/responsibility
3)忍受;容忍 (常用於疑問句、否定句，與can, could 連用)bear to do/doing
4) bear…in mind 記住
12.beat v (beat ,beaten) 連續有節奏的敲擊My heart is beating faster than usual.
Waves are beating the shore. 擊敗: He beat me in the game. ※ beat & hit &strike & knock
13.beforeIt will be +段時間+before+ do/does…要過多久才…
It was +段時間+before+ did…沒過多久就…
14.beg 乞求，請求 beg—begged—begged—begging beg sb.to do 請求、乞求某人做某事
I beg your pardon.對不起、請原諒(降調) 請再講一遍(降調)
15.begin—began—begun—beginning begin with=start with 以…開始
to begin with=to start with (插入語)首先、第一
I don’t like living here.To begin with, the room is far too small.
16.beginningn.開始，開端 at the beginning of… in the beginning= at first
17.behave v. 表現He behaved as if nothing had happened.
behave badly/well/like a true gentleman
behave oneself 表現得體，有禮貌well / badly behaved children
18.behavior n.不可數 good/ bad behavior
be on your best behavior 盡量表現得體
19.behind drop/ fall behind 落後leave sb./sth.behind 遺落、忘帶
20.beliefn.(不可數) 1)相信，信心 belief in I admire his belief in what he is doing.
2) 看法，信念 (不可數) He acted in the belief that he was doing good.
There is a general belief that things will soon get better.
3) 信仰 (可數 beliefs) religious/ political beliefs
短語 beyond belief 難以置信to the best of one’s belief 盡其所知
21.believe believe it or not (插入語)信不信由你
It is believed that he is a good teacher.=He is believed to be a good teacher.
22.belongbelong to 屬於(無被動) The house belonging to her is under repair.
23.bend v.彎曲、彎腰、伏案 bend—bent—bent
She was bent over her desk writing a letter.她正伏案寫信。
24.benefit 1) n.優勢，益處(不可數)She didn’t get much benefit from her staying abroad.
短語: be of benefit to…=be beneficial to… to one’s benefit對某人有利
for one’s benefit = for the benefit of sb.為瞭幫助…/為瞭某人的利益
2) vt./ vi.benefit sb./ sth benefit from/ by…
beneficial adj.有益的，有用的 be beneficial to…
25.best do/ try one’s best to do 盡全力做make the best of…盡量利用
all the best (書信結語)一切順利、萬事如意
26.better had better do…最好做… 否定：had better not do
be better worth reading 更值得讀 be better known 更著名的
27.beyond 超出、超過beyond one’s imagination/description 難以想象/描述
beyond one’s power 超出能力范圍 beyond my wildest dreams 做夢也沒想到
28.bid –bid- bid- bidding v.出價，投標 n 投標 bid for sth.
I bid 2000 dollars for the painting.我出價20000美元買這幅畫。
The highest bid for the picture was 20000.這幅畫的最高出價是兩萬
29.birth n.出生、誕生 at birth 出生時give birth to 生下、孕育瞭
30.biscuit 餅幹c/n some chocolate biscuits
31.bit1) a bit of+不可數n.= a little +不可數n. He can speak a bit of French.
2) a bit/a little +比較級a bit more slowly 3) not a bit=not at all 一點兒也不、毫不
32.blame 1)be to blame 應該受到責備(主動表被動)
2) blame sb.for doing→sb.be blamed for …
1) n.空白處，空格 fill in the blanks
(記憶中的)空白,遺忘 My mind was a blank and I couldn’t remember her name.
2) adj.空白的，無裝飾的，無圖畫的 a blank form/ wall
不理解的，沒表情的,空虛的 a blank expressionSuddenly my mind went blank.
34.be blind to 對…視而不見、熟視無睹 =turn a blind eye to
35.blow v.(blew blown) 吹、刮blow down 吹倒blow up 爆炸、炸毀
n.打擊give sb.a blow 給某人打擊
36.board n.木板、佈告牌v.登上 on board 在船(車、飛機)board a train 上火車
37.book c/n書 v.預定(車、船)票book a room/ ticket
38.bored adj. be bored with…/ to death.boring adj. a boring job /book/man
39.bother vt./vi. 1) 花費時間精力做某事(常用於否定句，疑問句中)
① bother with/ about sth—Shall I wait? —No, don’t bother.
It’s not worth bothering with an umbrella.
② bother to do He didn’t even bother to let me know he was coming.
③ bother doingWhy bother asking if you are not really interested?
2) 給…造成麻煩，痛苦 使…煩惱，擔憂
① bother sb with/ about… I don’t want to bother her with my problems.
—I’m sorry he was rude to you.— It doesn’t bother me.
② bother sb.that… Does it bother you that she earns more than you?
③ bother sb.to do… It bothers me to think of her alone at home.
3) 打擾 插話bother sb Sorry to bother you, but…
be bothered about sb./ sth 認為…重要 關心…I’m not bothered about what he thinks.
n.麻煩 困難(不可數) —Thanks for your help. — it was no bother.
put sb.to bother get sb./oneself into bother給某人添麻煩
40.bottom at the bottom of… from the bottom of one’s heart
41.break—broke –broken break out (戰爭、火災、疾病等)爆發
break down (車、機器等)壞掉、出故障;分解;(身體)垮掉;
break in打斷;闖入break up 破碎;(關系)破裂
break away from 擺脫、脫離
42.breath n. hold one’s breath take a deep breath out of breathbreathe v.
43.bring bring up bring down bring about bring in
44.broken adj.speak in broken English a broken marriage
45.budget n. within / over budget 在預算內/超出預算 on a (tight) budget 缺少錢 拮據
vt. ~ sth for…將…編入預算 ~$1,000,000 for education spending
vi.~ for 存錢 編預算~ for a holiday abroad
46.build—built—built v.建築;建造 build up增進、增強
47.burn—burned—burned/–burnt—burnt 燃燒;曬黑、傷burn down 燒毀
burn…to the ground= completely destroyed 夷為平地get burnt被曬傷
a burning candle 燃燒的蠟燭
burst out laughing/ crying= burst into laughter/ tears突然大笑起來/痛哭起來
bury one’s face in the hands 手捂著臉 bury oneself in… = be buried in…
50.business n.生意;職責;(本分)工作on business
do business with sb. Business is business.
It’s none of your business.與你無關。 mind your own business 管好你自己的事
51.busy adj.忙的;忙碌的 be busy with sth. be busy (in) doing 忙於做 busily adv
52.but conj.但是 prep.除瞭
not…but… 不是…而是 we have no choice but to wait.除瞭等待別無選擇。
We can do nothing but wait. 除瞭等待什麼也不能做。
but for 要不是、若沒有(引導含虛擬語氣的句子)But for your help, I would have failed.
53.by by bus/car/plane/air/train/ship… 乘汽車/小汽車/飛機/火車/船
1.calculate v.計算， 核算It has been calculated that …
eg.It has been calculated that at least 47000 jobs were lost last year.
(be) calculated to do sth. eg.The speech was calculated to win votes.
2.call v.叫;喊;打電話a girl called Mary a girl calling herself Mary
call on call at sp. call for call up call offcall in
3.calm adj.鎮靜的、沉著的 calm downv.使鎮靜keep calm
4.camp n.營 v.野營;宿營 summer camp 夏令營go camping 去野營
5.can 否定：cannot= can’t
can’t help doing = can’t help but do 禁不住
can not…too… = can never…too… 越…越好/再…也不為過
You can never be too careful when crossing the street.
6.care n.照料;保管take care of照顧、保管 take care (that)…當心
v.在乎;介意 I don’t care. 我不在乎/我不放在心上。
care for喜歡;照顧care about 關心;在乎
7.careful adj. 仔細的;小心的 be careful of… 當心,小心 listen carefully
8.carry v.拿;搬;運;背 carry on 繼續、進行 carry out 實施、執行
9.case n.情況;案件;病例 in case +句子/in case of +名詞 萬一
in this/that case 如果這樣/那樣的話 in no case 絕不
as is often the case 事實往往如此eg: As is often the case, women live longer than man.
There are some cases where this method won’t work.
10.cash n.現金pay in cash /by checkvt.兌現 ~ a check
cash in on…從…獲得利潤 The shop are cashing in on temporary shortage by raising prices.
cast your net wide cast about/ around for sthcast sb./ sth out
cast sb./ sth asidebe cast awaybe cast downcast sth off
12.catch—caught—caughtcatch up with 趕上
catch sight of 看見 catch sb.doing 撞見/捉住某人做某事
catch one’s eye= attract one’s attention 引起某人註意;引人註目
cater for sth/sb : The class caters for all ability ranges.
cater to sth/ sb: It catered for all tastes.
14.cattle n.牛(總稱)單復同形The cattle are in the shed.牛在牛棚裡。
15.cause n.原因、起因cause and effect 因果
the cause of fire/cancer 火災/癌癥的起因
v.引起;促使 The storm left, ____ a lot of damage to this area.
16.cautious adj.謹慎的 小心的 be cautious of/ about…
cautionn.謹慎 小心with caution 小心地
vt.警告…小心…caution sb.to do caution sb.against…警告某人警惕
We were cautioned not to drive too fast.
17.celebrate v.慶祝 celebrate one’s birthday celebrate Christmas
18.central adj.中心的，中央的 central bank/government
1)主要的，首要的 play a central role in… 在…起著主導作用。
centre n. in the centre of the room
v.centre on /upon/ round /around…把…當中心 使…成為中心
19.ceremony n.典禮，儀式 1) attend a wedding ceremony
2) stand on ceremony 拘於禮節 without ceremony粗魯無禮，不拘禮節
20.certain adj.確定的;無疑的 certainly adv.
be certain of= be sure of 對…確信的be certain to do =be sure to do 一定會、必然
make sure/certain of… 保證、弄清楚* It is certain that…
21.challengeface/ take up a challenge 面對/接收挑戰
challenging adj 具有挑戰性的a challenging job
22.chance n.機會;可能性 give sb.a chance 給…一次機會;
take a chance/chances 冒險;碰運氣 by chance/accident 偶然;
There is a/no chance that… 有可能/不可能…
23.change v.改變、變化; n.變化;零錢(不可數)
change…into… 把……變成;change one’s mind 改變主意
Great changes have taken place in China.
There is no time to get changed before the party.Do you have any change on/with you ?
24.characteristic adj.獨特的 n.特征 特點a key characteristic of…
25.charge n./vtcharge…for… 收/要價多少;
charge sb.with sth/doing 指控某人做瞭 get the phone charged 手機被充電;
The soldiers were charging forward bravely.戰士們勇敢地向前沖。
take charge of負責、管理 in charge of 負責;
in the charge of 被/由… 負責;free of charge 免費
26.chatv./n. 聊天;閑談 chat—chatted—chatted—chatting
have a chat with sb. 與某人聊天;chat room 聊天室
27.check v./ n.檢查;核對;批改; 支票 by check 用支票支付
辨析： check examine
check 指核對某事物是否正確, examine 表檢查、調查、審查等
check the answers check the mailbox 核實郵箱(看有沒有信)
examine your body/eyes examine the machine
28.cheer n./vi. 歡呼;喝彩A great cheer went up from the crowd.
cheer sb on 為某人加油 cheer up 振作起來;高興起來 Cheers ! 共同舉杯
29.cheerful adj 興高采烈的，高興地 a cheerful smile
30.cheque= check(美) 支票 in cash 付現金 by check/cheque 用支票支付
31.chicken c/n.小雞 u/n.雞肉 Would you like some chicken?來點雞肉怎麼樣?
Don’t count your chickens before they are hatched.
32.chiefadj.主要的;首要的 n.首領;領導人 chiefs (復數)
33.choice c/n.選擇;choose v.選擇 choose—chose—chosen
make a choice /make choices 做選擇 have no choice but to do除瞭…別無選擇
We chose Bill as chairman.There are a lot of books to choose from.
34.Christmas Merry Christmas!on Christmas Eve;
at Christmas 聖誕節期間on Christmas 在聖誕節這天
35.churchgo to church; attend church 去教堂做禮拜
36.cinema 電影院 go to the cinema
37.circle n.圓圈 vi 環繞，盤旋 The plane circled over the airport before landing.
circulate sth (to sb.)The document will be circulated to all members.
39.clarify v.澄清，闡明，使…..純凈 clarify a situation/ problem/ issue
clarification n. seek clarification of
40.classafter class; have classes; the first class 頭等; the working class 工人階級
classify sb./ sth as … Only eleven of these accidents were classified as major.
42.clean v.打掃;弄幹凈 clean up;clean the table /the room adj.清潔的
43.clear adj.清晰的 clear water; clear glass; a clear explanation; make oneself clear
v 清除，放晴 clear away 霧煙等消散;clear up (天氣)放晴;clearly adv.
44.close vt.關閉 adj.近的;親密的 adv.近地
closely adv.密切地;仔細地 watch closely 密切註視;仔細觀察
a close friend;be/stand/get close to;
close the door/eyes;with his eyes closed/open close down 關閉、倒閉
45.cloth u/c 佈料，抹佈; a piece of cloth; a table cloth;
clothing u/n (總稱) 衣服a piece of clothing;an article of clothing clothes(pl.) 衣服;
46.coast 海岸 on/along the coast 在岸上/沿岸off the coast 離海岸不遠的地方
47.coffeea cup of coffee; a coffee/two coffees
48.coin c/n Every coin has two sides.事物皆有兩面性
by coincidence what a coincidence a strange/ remarkable coincidence
50.collect vt.收集;搜集 collect stamps/stamp collecting 集郵
51.collection收藏品 a stamp collectionhave a large collection of books
52.combine使聯合,使結合 combine A with/ and B
53.comecame-came-comecome up with 提出;想出
come across 偶遇; come about 產生，發生;come on 加油;快點;得啦
come true 實現;come up 走近;被提出;想起;發芽come out 出來;出版
54.comfort v.安慰 u/n 舒適live in comfort 生活安逸; a comfort 令人安慰的人或事
comfortable adj. live a comfortable life comfortably adv. live comfortably
55.command n.&v 命令，指揮，支配
at /by one’s commandget command of under one’s command
have a good command ofcommand sb.to do sth.
command that clause (should do)
56.comment n. 評論 make a comment on /about sth
vi comment on/ upon sth
57.commit犯, 幹(壞事)等commit murder/ suicidecommit sb/ yourself to sth/ doing
commit yourself (to sth):You don’t have to commit yourself now, just think about it.
58.common a common mistake 常見錯誤;common practice 慣例; common sense 常識
have much/a lot/ little/nothing in common; in common with… 和……一樣
59.communicate vt 傳達，傳遞(想法，感情，思想等) communication n
He was eager to communicate his ideas to the group.
vi 與某人交流(信息或消息，意見等)，溝通 communicate with sb
60.companyu/n. 交往;陪伴c/n.公司 keep sb.company 陪伴某人
61.comparecompare…with… 把…和…比較 ; compare…to… 把…比作…
compared with/to (作狀語) 與…相比Compared with/to other people, he is fortunate.
62.compensate 補償,賠償,彌補 compensate for sthcompensate sb for sth
63.compete vi 比賽，競賽 competition n. compete with / against sb in sth for sth
64.complete adj.完整的v.完成、結束 a complete story 完整的故事
complete the projectcompletely adv. be completely destroyed 徹底毀壞
agree on a compromise make a compromise withby compromise
reach/ come to/ arrive at/ work out a compromise
66.compulsory強制的,義務的 It is compulsory for sb to do
It is compulsory for all motorcyclists to wear helmets. compulsory education/ schooling
67.concentrate v.集中(思想等) concentration n
I can’t concentrate with that noise going on.
concentrate (sth) on (doing) sth 集中…做…
I decided to concentrate all my efforts on finding somewhere to live
1) 讓某人擔憂 What concerns me is our lack of preparation for the change.
2) 與…有關be concerned with
3) 關心，掛念 be concerned about
4) 就…而言as far as sb is concerned n. show a /no concern about
concerning prep.關系到， 涉及
He asked me several questions concerning the future of the company.
69.concert 音樂會;演奏會 go to a concert a live concert 現場演奏的音樂會
1) 結束 conclude (sth)(with sth) He concluded by wishing everyone a safe trip home.
2)推斷出conclude sth from sthWhat do you conclude from that?
conclusion n. draw /reach /come to a conclusion 得出結論
in conclusion 總之,最後In conclusion, I would like to thank you.
71.concrete,明確的,具體的concrete floor concrete evidence
72.condemn vt.譴責;判刑;宣告……有罪(與to連用) 迫使…接受(困境)，使…註定
condemn sb/ sth for…condemn sb.to be condemned/ sentenced to…
in good/excellent/bad/poor condition 處於良好/極佳/糟糕的狀況
out of condition 不在狀況; living conditions 生活條件
* on condition that (連詞) 如果;條件是
They agreed to lend us the car on condition that (only if) we returned it before the weekend.
1) 引導，帶領 conduct sb around sp2) 實施，執行 conduct an experiment
3) 指揮conduct a concert 4) 傳導conduct electricity
5) 舉止，表現 conduct oneselfn.行為，舉止
75.confident adj. be confident about/of sth
confidence n. 1) gain/lose confidence 2) have confidence in sb/sth
3) be in sb’s confidence 受某人信任，是某人的心腹
4) take sb into your confidence 向某人吐露內心秘密
76.confirm vt. 證實，批準，確認confirm sth/ that/wh-
Rumours of job losses were later confirmed.
Has everyone confirmed (that) they are coming? Can you confirm what happened?
77.conflict : in conflict with
78.confuse vt 1)使糊塗，使迷惑
They confused me with conflicting accounts of what happened.
2) 混淆 confuse A with/and B Be careful not to confuse quality with quantity.
confusionn. 1) confusion about/over sth 困惑
There is a confusion about what the correct procedure should be.
2) confusion between A and B 混淆 confusion between letters like “o” or “a”
79.congratulation n祝賀名詞常用復數 Congratulations to you !
congratulate v congratulate sb.on sth. 祝賀某人在某方面……
80.connect v. 1) connect A to/with/ and B 使連接，聯結
The towns are connected by trains and bus services.
2) connect sth (to sth) 接通，使…連接First connect the printer to the computer.
3) connect sb / sth (with sb / sth) , be connected with 與…有聯系/關聯
Theory is closely connected with practice.
4)為某人接通電話 Hold on, please, I’m trying to connect you.
81.connectionn. 連接物，接觸，聯系in connection with sb/ sth 與…有關
A man has been arrested in connection with the murder of the manager.
82.consequence n. 結果，後果;重要性，重大
as a consequence /result in consequence結果
as a consequence /result ofin consequence of 由於
83.consider 1) 認為;把……看做; 2) 考慮
1) consider sth/doing sth/wh- 考慮We are considering buying a new car.
He was considering what to do next.
2) consider sb/sth (as /to be) sth 認為 This award is considered (to be ) a great honor.
3) sb be considered to have done sth 認為某人已經做瞭某事
Bell is considered to have invented the telephone.
4) all things considered 從各方面看來，總而言之
84.considerate : It is considerate of him to wait.consideringprep.
85.consideration n.考慮take sth into consideration 考慮到
Taking everything into consideration, the event was a great success.
All things _______ into consideration, I think his plan is practical.
86.consist vi 包含，組成，構成1) consist of 由…組成 The committee consists of ten members.
2) consist in 在於，存在於 The beauty of the city consists in its magnificent buildings.
consistent adj 一致的 be consistent with 與…一致
87.construction n.建造，建設be under construction 正在修建中
construct vt1)建造，修建 construct a bridge 2) 創建 construct a theory
86.consultvt1) 咨詢，請教 consult sb (about) sth
2) 與某人商量 consult (with) sb about/on sth 3) 查閱，查詢 consult a dictionary
88.contain v. container n.容器，集裝箱
1) 包含/括 The book contains 12 units. 2)含有物質/成分Sea water contains a lot of salt.
3)容納、裝有 The envelope contained 500 dollars.
be content with 滿足於; be content to do 甘願做某事
the content of the article 文章內容; read the contents of the book 讀目錄
90.continue v.繼續 continue doing / to do / with
91.contrary adj.相反的 Contrary to popular belief, many cats dislike milk.
n. 相反，反而on the contrary 相反，反之
92.contribute v. 1) contribute (sth) (to/ towards sth) 捐獻，捐贈
We contributed 5000 yuan to the earthquake fund.
2) contribute to 導致，有助於 Smoking contributes to lung cancer.
3) contribute (sth) (to sth) 撰稿，在會議或會談期間講話，發表意見
She contributed (a number of articles )to the magazine.
We hope everyone will contribute to the discussion.
93.contribution n. 貢獻，奉獻 make a contribution to sth 對…做貢獻
94.convenience n.便利at one’s conveniencefor one’s convenience
convenientadj It is convenient for sb to do sth
It is convenient to sb If (it is ) convenient
95.convey 傳送,傳達,表達convey sth to sb convey sb/sth from …to…
96.convince 使確信,使信服 convince sb/ yourself of sth
convince sb to do I have been trying to convince him to see a doctor.
convinced adj. be convinced of/ that: I am convinced that she is innocent.
I am convinced of her innocence.
97.corner n.街角; 困境; vt使…落入圈套There is a hotel on / at the corner of the street.
drive / force sb into a corner 把某人逼入困境round / around the corner 很近，在附近
98.correct adj正確的，恰當的; vt糾正，批改
I think you’ve made the correct decision. I spent all evening correcting essays.
correctly adv. Have you spelled it correctly?
99.cost n花費;代價，損失;vt需付費;使損失 the high / low cost of housing
she saved him from the fire but at the cost of her own life.
at all costs 不惜任何代價 You must stop the press from finding out at all costs.
The hospital will cost 2 million dollars to build.
That one mistake almost cost him his life.
100. count v數數;重要Every point in this game counts.
count down 倒計時 count on sb/sth 依賴 I’m counting on you to help me.