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英文寫作指南 如何寫好英語作文

  寫作是以語言文字為媒介文化交流的行為,是人類各個領域不可或缺的信息記錄與傳播方式。作為人類凝聚思想,表達情感,加工與傳遞的知識的基本手段,今天和大傢分享一下英文寫作指南,一起來看看吧。

  英文寫作指南

  1. Read in English 看英文書

  When you want to master a language, you can never read enough.

  The easiest way to get started with reading in English rather than your own language is to pick up a non-fiction book on a familiar, interesting topic. Non-fiction tends to be easier to follow than fiction (fiction authors use tricky words to touch their readers’ feelings) and reading about a familiar topic makes it easier to guess what the author is trying to say to you when you don’t quite understand the words he’s using. Don’t use a dictionary unless you really have to—just skip the parts you don’t understand. If you make your reading feel too much like work, you’ll lose the fun in it, and the habit of reading won’t last for long.

  當你想要掌握一門語言,看再多的書也不夠。

  開始看非母語的英文書,最簡單的方法是挑選一本關於你熟悉且感興趣的話題的非小說類作品。非小說類作品比小說更容易讀懂(因為小說傢們通常用一些狡黠的詞匯來引起讀者的共鳴),而在不怎麼理解作者用詞的情況下,閱讀熟悉的話題讓你更容易猜到作者想要表達的意思。若非必要,不要使用字典——跳過你不理解的部分。假如你把看書當成作業,就會樂趣全無,看書的習慣也不能持久。

  2. Listen to native speakers 聽英語(精品課)演說

  If you don’t speak English every day, this is rather tricky advice to follow. The Internet comes to rescue here through podcasts and videos from speaking events. Pick your favorite speakers and listen to them deliver their message. You will learn not only about how they use the language, but also how to captivate the audience, and a bit about the topic at hand.

  假如你不是每天都說英語,這將是個不大好辦的建議。在這一點上,互聯網幫上瞭忙,它可以提供播客和演講比賽的視頻。選擇你喜歡的演說者,聽聽他們如何傳達信息。不單能學習他們使用語言的方法,還可以學習怎樣吸引觀眾,並對正在討論的這個話題產生一定的瞭解。

  3. When writing in English, think in English 運用英語思維寫作

  This is one of the biggest things that separates a decent foreign language writer from a lousy one. The lousy writer thinks in his own language and then tries to translate his thoughts to English. But that simply doesn’t work: The idioms, grammar rules, and cultural differences make text written in this manner sound clumsy and unnatural.

  這是區別外語(課程)寫作者水平優劣的最關鍵因素之一。糟糕的作者用母語思考,然後試圖將他的想法翻譯成英文。但顯然這行不通:習慣用語、語法結構和文化差異使這種方式寫出來的文章看起來拙劣而不自然。

  4. Write 多寫多練

  The best way to learn anything is by throwing yourself out there and practicing. In fact, I would give you the same advice even if you were considering writing in your native language. But of course, it’s even more important when writing in some other language.

  When you are just starting out with your blogging, you should write something every day to really get your writing routine developed. After a while it’s okay to drop the pace a bit—although even then, if you want to become the best at what you do, keeping up the habit of daily writing helps a lot.

  Write in different styles: lists, humorous posts, serious posts, interviews, and if you have the time, even text that is completely unrelated to your blog. Just to get more practice.

  最好的學習方法就是全身心地投入其中,然後不斷練習。事實上,即使在用母語寫作方面,我也會給你同樣的建議。但當然,用其他語言寫作時,這點更重要。

  剛開始寫博客時,你應該每天都寫些東西以真正形成自己的寫作習慣。一段時間後,適當放緩速度也無妨——即使到瞭那個時候,如果你想做到最好,繼續保持每天寫作的習慣會很有幫助。

  寫不同風格的文章:列表、幽默文、嚴肅文及采訪等,假如有時間的話,甚至可以是和你博客完全沒有關聯的文章。筆頭一定要勤。

  5. Trust your gut[內心的感覺] 跟著感覺走

  The human brain is an amazing machine.

  This can be a bit scary at first as you don’t know how you have learned the sayings and word plays you are using, and can’t be sure if they are correct or not. Uncertainty is the price you have to pay for trying to learn to use the language in a natural way. You just have to go with your gut and trust your brain when words keep popping up that you didn’t know you even knew.

  人類的大腦是一臺不可思議的機器。

  這起先也許會讓人有些慌亂,因為你不知道自己使用的說法和詞匯是怎麼學會的,也無法確定它們正確與否。不確定是你想自然地使用這門語言所要付出的代價。當你甚至不知道自己認識的詞匯不斷地冒出來時,你隻要跟著自己的感覺走,相信自己的大腦就行瞭。

  6. Proofread 校對

  When you have finished writing your article and it seems nearly perfect to you, the next thing to do is to check it for typos, grammar mistakes, and just some plain weird sounding sentences.

  The easiest way for checking for typos is to use a spellchecker, but checking for

  grammar mistakes is a lot trickier. What I do is that I usually check the grammar first in Microsoft Word or just play it by the ear, depending on how much you trust your own English language skills.

  And of course, if you want to play it safe, you can always ask one of your English speaking friends to double check your article.

  寫完作文瞭,你覺得它看起來很完美,下一步便是檢查有沒有打錯字、有沒語法錯誤以及一些看起來就是怪怪的句子。

  檢查打字問題最簡單的方式是使用拼寫檢查程序,但檢查語法錯誤就繁雜得多。我通常先在Microsoft Word裡檢查語法或讀出來用耳朵聽,這取決於你對自己的英語語言技能有多大的自信。

  當然,如果你想更放心,你也可以叫一個以英語為母語的朋友再幫你檢查一次。

  7. Have English-speaking friends who are not afraid to correct your mistakes 結交肯糾錯的外國朋友

  The best way to learn to sound like a native is to hang out with them as much as you can. By paying close attention to how they speak, you will learn the sayings they use, the slang, and even the jokes that they throw at you. All of this is important in making your English sound more natural and conversational rather than something learned from a book.

  Instant messaging, e-mailing, or even chatting with them face to face, if possible, are all good ways to learn from friends. And the best part in all of this? You can do it while having a great time getting to know new, interesting people.

  學習地道英文的最佳途徑是多和英語母語者打交道。仔細觀察他們的說話方式,你可以學到他們使用的說法、俚語,甚至是包括他們對你說的笑話。所有這些都是重要的幫助,讓你的英語聽起來更自然、更像日常對話,而不是從書本裡學到的東西。

  使用即時通信和電子郵件——如果可以的話,和他們面對面地交談吧,這些都是向朋友學習的好方法。最大的好處?你可以一邊學習,一邊瞭解有趣的新朋友,這非常有意思。

  8. Study spelling and grammar 學習拼寫和語法

  Yeah. I admit it, this doesn’t sound like a lot of fun at all. But to achieve greatness, you have to put in some effort. And in the end, the reward of learning and becoming more confident with your writing is really worth it. Go find the books you were using on your English courses back in school, or if you can’t find them, check if there are any good course books at the local library.

  If you still want to go one step further, you can enroll to a language course. Just make sure to pick one that is mostly about creative writing because that will get you moving faster towards your goal.

  是的,我承認這看上去一點都不有趣。不過,若想取得成就,你必須付出努力。到頭來,學習的成果以及你在寫作上的愈加自信完全值得這樣的付出。找出學生時代的英語課本,假如找不到,不妨看看當地的圖書館有沒有好的教科書。

  假如你想更進一步,可以報讀一門語言課程。要確保你選擇的課程主要是講創意寫作的,因為那樣可以助你更快地達成目標。

  9. Commas and hyphens—the tricky buggers

  逗號和連字符——兩個棘手的傢夥

  Commas are hard. Hyphenation nearly impossible.

  The good thing here is that not even the English speaking bloggers always get these things right. But does that mean you don’t have to worry about them? No. If you want to be a great writer, you have to try to practice the hard things as well. All you can do is to learn about using them and then always double check your text to see if your punctuation is correct.

  逗號非常難。連字符更是難如登天。

  值得慶幸的是,即使是以英語為母語的博主也未必能正確使用這些符號。但那意味著你就無須為它們煩惱瞭嗎?不。如果你想成為一名優秀的作者,你必須在這些難點上多加練習。你要做的就是學習使用方法,總是反復檢查你的文章,看看你的標點符號是否正確。

  如何寫好英語作文

  1.認真審題立意

  文章要有明確的主題,必須具備4個條件:準確、鮮明、深刻、集中。以作文“The English teacher I Admire Most”為例,文章的主題是關於記敘我最欣賞的一位英語老師,因而就不能泛泛談論老師這一職業或自己的幾位老師。

  2. 草擬提綱

  文章佈局要做好3件事:安排好層次段落,鋪設好過渡,處理好開頭和結尾。如命題作文中有提示句,還要從提示句的關鍵詞出發,圍繞關鍵詞開拓思路,發揮聯想,記錄下聯想到的東西,可以是句子或單詞詞組,可以是英語或漢語。仍以“The English Teacher I Admire Most”為例,提綱可以這樣寫:

  1)Who is the English teacher I admire most

  2) My reasons

  3) What can I learn from the teacher

  3.寫出落主題句,理文章之脈絡

  一篇短文的段落一般分為引導段、主題段和結尾段。每段的主題句非常重要,是作者思維的起點,切題的準繩,闡述的對象。看到段落主題句,讀者大致瞭解段落要闡述的內容。段落主題句通常是一個語法結構完整、內容概括、用詞簡潔明瞭的單句。通常將段落主題句置於段落的開頭,可使文章結構更清晰,有說服力。

  4. 參照提綱,緊扣主題句,完成各段落

  有瞭段落主題句後,還需要順著段落主題句的方向,參照提綱中的思路,從而完成各個段落。引導段要能引起讀者的註意和興趣,為主題段鋪路架橋。主題段應圍繞文章和該段的主題來展開。展開的方式包括:順序法、舉例法、比較法、對比法、說明法、因果法、推導法、歸納法,和下定義等。可以根據需要任選一種或幾種方式。還是以“The English Teacher I Admire Most”為例,主題段中就能用到舉例法、說明法、因果法等。

  以上就是關於英文寫作指南的分享,希望能夠幫助到你。