英文寫作指南 如何寫好英語作文



  1. Read in English 看英文書

  When you want to master a language, you can never read enough.

  The easiest way to get started with reading in English rather than your own language is to pick up a non-fiction book on a familiar, interesting topic. Non-fiction tends to be easier to follow than fiction (fiction authors use tricky words to touch their readers’ feelings) and reading about a familiar topic makes it easier to guess what the author is trying to say to you when you don’t quite understand the words he’s using. Don’t use a dictionary unless you really have to—just skip the parts you don’t understand. If you make your reading feel too much like work, you’ll lose the fun in it, and the habit of reading won’t last for long.



  2. Listen to native speakers 聽英語(精品課)演說

  If you don’t speak English every day, this is rather tricky advice to follow. The Internet comes to rescue here through podcasts and videos from speaking events. Pick your favorite speakers and listen to them deliver their message. You will learn not only about how they use the language, but also how to captivate the audience, and a bit about the topic at hand.


  3. When writing in English, think in English 運用英語思維寫作

  This is one of the biggest things that separates a decent foreign language writer from a lousy one. The lousy writer thinks in his own language and then tries to translate his thoughts to English. But that simply doesn’t work: The idioms, grammar rules, and cultural differences make text written in this manner sound clumsy and unnatural.


  4. Write 多寫多練

  The best way to learn anything is by throwing yourself out there and practicing. In fact, I would give you the same advice even if you were considering writing in your native language. But of course, it’s even more important when writing in some other language.

  When you are just starting out with your blogging, you should write something every day to really get your writing routine developed. After a while it’s okay to drop the pace a bit—although even then, if you want to become the best at what you do, keeping up the habit of daily writing helps a lot.

  Write in different styles: lists, humorous posts, serious posts, interviews, and if you have the time, even text that is completely unrelated to your blog. Just to get more practice.




  5. Trust your gut[內心的感覺] 跟著感覺走

  The human brain is an amazing machine.

  This can be a bit scary at first as you don’t know how you have learned the sayings and word plays you are using, and can’t be sure if they are correct or not. Uncertainty is the price you have to pay for trying to learn to use the language in a natural way. You just have to go with your gut and trust your brain when words keep popping up that you didn’t know you even knew.



  6. Proofread 校對

  When you have finished writing your article and it seems nearly perfect to you, the next thing to do is to check it for typos, grammar mistakes, and just some plain weird sounding sentences.

  The easiest way for checking for typos is to use a spellchecker, but checking for

  grammar mistakes is a lot trickier. What I do is that I usually check the grammar first in Microsoft Word or just play it by the ear, depending on how much you trust your own English language skills.

  And of course, if you want to play it safe, you can always ask one of your English speaking friends to double check your article.


  檢查打字問題最簡單的方式是使用拼寫檢查程序,但檢查語法錯誤就繁雜得多。我通常先在Microsoft Word裡檢查語法或讀出來用耳朵聽,這取決於你對自己的英語語言技能有多大的自信。


  7. Have English-speaking friends who are not afraid to correct your mistakes 結交肯糾錯的外國朋友

  The best way to learn to sound like a native is to hang out with them as much as you can. By paying close attention to how they speak, you will learn the sayings they use, the slang, and even the jokes that they throw at you. All of this is important in making your English sound more natural and conversational rather than something learned from a book.

  Instant messaging, e-mailing, or even chatting with them face to face, if possible, are all good ways to learn from friends. And the best part in all of this? You can do it while having a great time getting to know new, interesting people.



  8. Study spelling and grammar 學習拼寫和語法

  Yeah. I admit it, this doesn’t sound like a lot of fun at all. But to achieve greatness, you have to put in some effort. And in the end, the reward of learning and becoming more confident with your writing is really worth it. Go find the books you were using on your English courses back in school, or if you can’t find them, check if there are any good course books at the local library.

  If you still want to go one step further, you can enroll to a language course. Just make sure to pick one that is mostly about creative writing because that will get you moving faster towards your goal.



  9. Commas and hyphens—the tricky buggers


  Commas are hard. Hyphenation nearly impossible.

  The good thing here is that not even the English speaking bloggers always get these things right. But does that mean you don’t have to worry about them? No. If you want to be a great writer, you have to try to practice the hard things as well. All you can do is to learn about using them and then always double check your text to see if your punctuation is correct.





  文章要有明確的主題,必須具備4個條件:準確、鮮明、深刻、集中。以作文“The English teacher I Admire Most”為例,文章的主題是關於記敘我最欣賞的一位英語老師,因而就不能泛泛談論老師這一職業或自己的幾位老師。

  2. 草擬提綱

  文章佈局要做好3件事:安排好層次段落,鋪設好過渡,處理好開頭和結尾。如命題作文中有提示句,還要從提示句的關鍵詞出發,圍繞關鍵詞開拓思路,發揮聯想,記錄下聯想到的東西,可以是句子或單詞詞組,可以是英語或漢語。仍以“The English Teacher I Admire Most”為例,提綱可以這樣寫:

  1)Who is the English teacher I admire most

  2) My reasons

  3) What can I learn from the teacher



  4. 參照提綱,緊扣主題句,完成各段落

  有瞭段落主題句後,還需要順著段落主題句的方向,參照提綱中的思路,從而完成各個段落。引導段要能引起讀者的註意和興趣,為主題段鋪路架橋。主題段應圍繞文章和該段的主題來展開。展開的方式包括:順序法、舉例法、比較法、對比法、說明法、因果法、推導法、歸納法,和下定義等。可以根據需要任選一種或幾種方式。還是以“The English Teacher I Admire Most”為例,主題段中就能用到舉例法、說明法、因果法等。