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10種英語四級作文常犯的語法錯誤

  10種英語四級作文常犯的語法錯誤?寫作是四六級考試的第一關,對於基礎薄弱的考生來說,還是足夠讓人煩惱的,考生在寫作中都會出現一些問題,但是最主要的問題還是語法錯誤,下面為大傢介紹10種英語四級作文常犯的語法錯誤,希望考生在以後的寫作中可以避免出現這些錯誤。

  10種英語四級作文常犯的語法錯誤

  1.主謂不一致,人稱與動詞不符。例如:

  My sister go to the cinema at least once a week. (誤)

  My sister goes to the cinema at least once a week. (正)

  上面例句中,主語是My sister ,為第三人稱,所以謂語動詞應該用第三人稱單數形式goes才正確,這種主謂不一致的錯誤在寫作中是很常見的問題,稍一疏忽就會犯,考生需要更加細心才行。

  2.句子成分殘缺不全,語句不通。例如:

  We should read books may be useful to us. (誤)

  We should read books which may be useful to us. (正)

  這是一個定語從句的例句,其中which在從句中做的是主語,所以不能省略,一旦省略就會造成句子成分殘缺,考試中大傢在寫完一句話時要記得讀一遍看看通不通順。

  3.句子成分多餘,累贅復雜。例如:

  This test is end, but there is another test is waiting for you. (誤)

  One test ends, but another is waiting for you. (正)

  這一句的錯誤有點中式英語的味道,逐字逐句對應翻譯,there is 放在這裡,累贅而又繁瑣。

  4.動詞時態、語態的誤用,前後不一致。例如:

  I was walking along the road, and there are not so many cars on the street. (誤)

  I was walking along the road and there were not so many vehicles on the street. (正)

  這個例句中前面是was walking ,所以後面也要用相應的過去進行時were,同一個句子裡,沒有特殊情況,前後時態時要保持一致的。

  We have little time to read some books which we interest. (誤)

  We have little time to read some books in which we are interested. (正)

  這一句也可以說是定語從句語法錯誤,be interested in是我們都知道的固定搭配,所以它後面跟賓語一定要有介詞in,所以從句引導詞要用 in which 。

  5.詞類混淆,詞性不明。例如:

  It is my point that reading must be selectively. (誤)

  In my opinion, reading must be selective. (正)

  這句中,be 後面是形容 reading 的意思,所以要用到一個形容詞,而selectively明顯是一個副詞。

  6.名詞可數與不可數的錯誤。例如:

  In modern society, people are under various pressures(誤)

  In modern society, people are under various kinds of pressure. (正)

  pressure是一種無形的但是有很多種類的事物,所以不能直接在後面加復數s,但是要形容他多,各種各樣後面加一個種類kinds of 就正確表達出瞭復數形式。

  7.及物動詞與不及物動詞的誤用。例如:

  The traffic accident was taken place at the junction of two highways. (誤)

  The traffic accident took place at the junction of two highways. (正)

  發生是一個主動的過程,沒有什麼事是被發生的,所以不能用was taken place 。

  8.情態動詞的誤用。例如:

  They should spent much time. (誤)

  They should spend much time. (正)

  情態動詞後面常常跟動詞原形,所以spend要用原型。

  9.動賓搭配不當。例如:

  We must pay attention to it and make solutions to the problem. (誤)

  We must pay attention and find a solution to the problem. (正)

  10.There be句型的誤用。例如:

  There exists some new problems such as being dishonest. (誤)

  There exist/arise some new problems such as being dishonest. (正)

  There be句型中動詞一般用原型,exist/arise 不需要變成第三人稱單數形式。

  以上就是關於10種英語四級作文常犯的語法錯誤?的介紹,希望對您有所幫助!