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英語間接引語怎樣轉換

  直接引語變間接引語的方法:

  從句人稱的變化:

  由直接引語變間接引語時,從句的主語人稱要遵循一主、二賓、三不變的原則。

  1) 直接引語的主語是第一人稱時,變為間接引語時要和主句的主語保持一致。eg:① They said,“We will go there by bus”

  他們說“我們將乘公共汽車去那兒”。

  → They said they would go there by bus.

  他們說他們將乘公共汽車去那兒。

  ② He said,“I am visiting my aunt next week.”

  → He said that he was visiting his aunt next week.

  2)如果直接引語的主語是第二人稱,變為間接引語時要與主句的賓語保持一致。eg:

  ① She said to me,“Are you interested in science?”

  她對我說:“你對自然科學感興趣嗎?”

  → She asked me if /whether I was interested in science.

  她問我是否對自然科學感興趣。

  ② He said to me,“You are hard-working.”

  → He told me that I was hard-working.

  3)如果直接引語的主語是第三人稱時,變為間接引語時人稱保持不變。

  eg: His mother said to me,“ He can’t go to school.”

  他的媽媽對我說:“他不能去上學”。

  → His mother told me that he couldn’t go to school.

  他媽媽告訴我他不能去上學瞭。

  從句時態的變化:

  1) 如果主句是一般現在時或一般將來時,直接引語變間接引語時,從局的時態保持不變。

  eg: He says,“I am visiting my aunt next week.”

  他說:“我下周要去看望我的姑姑”。

  → He says that he is visiting his aunt next week.

  2)如果主句的時態為一般過去時,從句的時態要做相應的變化。

  ① 一般現在時改為一般過去時;

  ② 現在進行時改為過去進行時;

  ③ 一般將來時改為過去將來時。

  註意:如果直接引語為客觀真理、客觀事實、自然現象時,變為間接引語時,時態不做變化。

  eg: The teacher said to us ,“Light travels faster than sound”.

  老師告訴我們:“光傳播的速度要比聲音傳播的速度要快”。

  → The teacher told us that Light travels faster than sound.

  句型的變化:

  1)如果直接引語是陳述句,變為間接引語時要用that來引導,that可省略。 eg: He said,“I like watching TV.”他說:“我喜歡看電視”。

  → He said that he liked watching TV.

  2)如果直接引語是一般疑問句,變為間接引語時,需用if或whether來引導,且用陳述句語序。eg: He asked me,“ Will you buy the red coat?”

  他問我:“你要買那件紅外套嗎?”

  → He asked me if/whether I would buy the red coat.

  3)如果直接引語是特殊疑問句,變為間接引語時,引導詞就是特殊疑問詞,且用陳述句語序。 eg: She asked me,“Where are you from?”

  她問:“你從哪裡來的?” → She asked me where I was from.

  4)如果直接引語是祈使句,變間接引語時,要將祈使句的動詞變為不定

  如:tell( ask , order ,…) sb. (not) to do sth.

  eg: “Open the door.” The teacher said to me.

  → The teacher told me to open the door.

  “Don’t open the door.” The teacher said to me.

  →The teacher told me not to open the door.