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考研英語 如何寫精彩的英語作文開頭?

  許多考生拿到考研英語鴻文文考題都不曉得若何動筆去寫開首段,有的會把標題原封不動抄下來,但假如如許做,在計算作文字數時,第一段就不被計算在內瞭。實踐上,鴻文文的第一段是情形鋪墊,專傢建議考生在這一段要點明這篇文章要評論/處理什麼問題及問題的佈景。作文的首段凡間包括以下幾個方面:

  1) 場景或佈景信息,即標題中呈現的phenomenon。

  2) 一些人的觀念(some people’s opinion),這局部在改寫文章首段時可要可不要,考生可依照本人的狀況來佈置。

  3) 小我觀念,這一局部在有些文章的開首段中也可以不要。

  鴻文文要求字數至少到達250字,在寫作中思索到字數的合理佈置,第一段最好寫3-5句話,大約40字左右,而且切忌在第一段就掏心掏肺把什麼話都說完。因而總結出鴻文文開首的方法凡間有以下幾種狀況:

  3)標題中僅呈現一局部人的觀念,而沒有佈景信息。這種狀況下,我們可以依據這局部人的觀念所觸及的信息在開首段附加對佈景信息的描繪。

  Example:

  The best way to solve the world’s environmental problem is to increase the price of fuel. Do you agree or disagree?

  →In the process of industrialization and urbanization, the scope of environmental problem facing the world is getting immense. From Mexico City and New York to Singapore and China new solutions to this problem are being proposed, tried and implemented. Some people believe increasing the price of fuel is the best approach to this problem.這以後參加考生小我觀念即可。

  別的,要提示考生留意的是開首段必然要防止呈現語法錯誤,由於假如語法錯誤影響文章的瞭解,那會給考官留下極差的第一印象,而考官也就沒有決心持續往下讀瞭,最終鴻文文的得分也不會很高。

  1) 標題中包括瞭佈景信息(phenomenon),有時也呈現一些人的觀念,而且標題中字數較多。這種狀況下最保險的方法是將標題中的佈景信息及一些人的觀念從新表達(paraphrase),可以做:

  ●自動語態<=>被動語態

  ●主謂賓<=>主系表

  ●某些近義詞交換

  Example:

  At present, it is hard for college students to find jobs. Many people claim that college teachers should give priority to practical courses like computer science and business over such traditional ones as history and geography. To what extent do you agree?

  → The number of college graduates is surging while a substantial proportion of them have difficulties in finding employment after their graduation. Numerous people blame this on the university education and believe that more emphasis should be laid on practical courses such as computer science and business than on traditional courses like history and geography.這以後再加考生本人的觀念即可。

  2)標題中包括瞭佈景信息,有時呈現一些人的觀念,但標題中字數較少,若直接從新表達,字數湊不到40字左右。這種狀況下,引薦以下2種開首方法來包管字數:

  ◆把籠統信息細節化即經過舉例來分析闡明標題中的佈景信息。

  Example:

  International tourism has become a big industry in the world. Do the benefits outweigh the problems?

  →The acceleration of globalization and high-tech development contributes to International tourism’s gaining momentum virtually all over the world. Each year,millions of tourists from other countries swarm into china to appreciate the scenery and Chinese traditional culture.這以後參加考生小我觀念即可。

  ◆追溯前史,曩昔與目前構成比照。

  Example:

  International tourism has become a big industry in the world. Do the benefits outweigh the problems?

  →Prior to the early 1900s, the proportion of people traveling abroad was considerably low and the majority of them preferred domestic travel. However, the advent of the motorized flight has greatly changed our life and it makes international traveling more convenient. International tourism is gaining momentum and has become a big industry.這以後參加考生小我觀念即可。